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Use Soft Words And Hard Arguments Essay

Presentation on theme: "Today’s Quote Use soft words and hard arguments English Proverb."— Presentation transcript:

1 Today’s QuoteUse soft words and hard argumentsEnglish Proverb

2 Parts of an Argument I Claim: an expressed opinion or conclusion
e.g. “CSI” is an excellent TV show”

3 Parts of an Argument II Claim
Evidence: observable or previously accepted statementse.g. It has good acting, good writing and good production.

4 Parts of an Argument III
ClaimEvidenceReasoning: constructs a reasonable and rational link between the evidence and the claim.e.g. Good acting, writing and production are the key elements of a good TV drama.

5 Listen UP!Decide if the statement you hear is an argument or not.

6 Foundations of Critical Thinking
Questioning HabitPerspective TakingClarifying Meaning and AssumptionsEvaluating SupportEngaging in Critical Inferences and Comparison

7 Characteristics of Critical Thinking
Clarity: could you illustrate what you mean?Accuracy: could we find out if that is true?Precision: could you be more specific?

8 Characteristics of Critical Thinking
Relevance: how does that help us with this issue?Depth: what factors make this a difficult problem?Breadth: what other points of view need to be considered?

9 Characteristics of Critical Thinking
Logic: does what you say follow from the evidence?Significance: how important is this factor in the overall discussion?Fairness: have we represented various positions honestly?

10 Characteristics of Critical Thinking
ClarityAccuracyPrecisionRelevanceDepthBreadthLogicSignificanceFairness

11 ApplicationWork with a partner to take either the list just discussed or the attributes listed in chapter 10 of the Debater’s Guide and prioritize your top three. Be able to offer arguments for your choices.

12 Induction vs. Deduction
Major PremiseCategorical truthMinorPuts specific case in a categoryConclusionNecessarily follows from premisesReasons from “known” to “known”InductionSeries of minor premises that lead to a probable general conclusionReasons from what is “known” to what is probable.

13 InductionConclusionInferenceInformation

14 Next Time Quiz on readings so far and readings due that day.
Discussion of Chapt. 3 in CTDiscussion of what makes up a good debate topic and hearing some of your suggestions.

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Use soft words and hard arguments.
-English Proverb
It takes two to quarrel, but only one to end it.
-Proverb
Soft words win hard hearts.
-Proverb
Two dogs strive for a bone and the third one runs off with it.
-Proverb
If men would consider not so much wherein they differ, as wherein they agree, there would be far less of uncharitableness and angry feeling.
-Joseph Addison
Arguments out of a pretty mouth are unanswerable.
-Joseph Addison
The long term versus the short term argument is one used by losers.
-Larry Adler
He that always gives way to others will end in having no principles of his own.
-Aesop
Wise men argue cases, fools decide them.
-Anacharsis
We must not contradict, but instruct him that contradicts us; for a madman is not cured by another running mad also.
-Antisthenes
Argument is conclusive... but... it does not remove doubt, so that the mind may rest in the sure knowledge of the truth, unless it finds it by the method of experiment. For if any man who never saw fire proved by satisfactory arguments that fire burns. his hearer's mind would never be satisfied, nor would he avoid the fire until he put his hand in it that he might learn by experiment what argument taught.
-Roger Bacon
I argue very well. Ask any of my remaining friends. I can win an argument on any topic, against any opponent. People know this, and steer clear of me at parties. Often, as a sign of their great respect, they don't even invite me.
-Dave Barry
My wife was too beautiful for words, but not for arguments.
-John Barrymore
It is not necessary to understand things in order to argue about them.
-Pierre De Beaumarchais
No great advance has ever been made in science, politics, or religion, without controversy.
-Lyman Beecher
Most of the arguments to which I am party fall somewhat short of being impressive, knowing to the fact that neither I nor my opponent knows what we are talking about
-Robert Benchley
Books and harlots have their quarrels in public.
-Walter Benjamin
Silence is one of the hardest arguments to refute.
-Josh Billings
Like religion, politics, and family planning, cereal is not a topic to be brought up in public. It's too controversial.
-Erma Bombeck
I tell you Wellington is a bad general, the English are bad soldiers; we will settle this matter by lunch time.
-Napoleon Bonaparte
Disagreement produces debate but dissent produces dissension. Dissent (which come from the Latin, dis and sentire) means originally to feel apart from others. People who disagree have an argument, but people who dissent have a quarrel. People may disagree and both may count themselves in the majority. But a person who dissents is by definition in a minority. A liberal society thrives on disagreement but is killed by dissension. Disagreement is the life blood of democracy, dissension is its cancer.
-Daniel J. Boorstin
Behind every argument is someone's ignorance.
-Louis D. Brandeis
As debate is rare in the House of Representatives, since nearly all real business is done in the committees, it is very natural that such debate as there is should be very oratorical, should be
-D. W. Brogan
The American Character, pt. 2, ch. 3, Knopf (1944)
I would be presumptuous, indeed, to present myself against the distinguished gentlemen to whom you have listened if this were a mere measuring of abilities; but this is not a contest between persons. The humblest citizen in all the land, when clad in the armor of a righteous cause, is stronger than all the hosts of error. I come to speak to you in defence of a cause as holy as the cause of liberty
-William Jennings Bryan
Cross of Gold, Speech concluding debate on the Chicago Platform at the Democratic National Convention, Chicago, Illinois, July 9, 1896
It is not he who gains the exact point in dispute who scores most in controversy -- but he who has shown the better temper.
-Samuel Butler


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