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Term Paper Hell Freezes Over Hotel

Hell Freezes Over
Live album / studio album by the Eagles
ReleasedNovember 8, 1994
StudioThe Village Recorder, Los Angeles, Sounds Interchange, Toronto (Studio tracks)
Warner Burbank Studios, Burbank, California (Live tracks); mixed at A&M Studios, Los Angeles; The Hit Factory, New York City and Village Recorders, Los Angeles[1]
GenreRock
Length72:36
LabelGeffen
Producer
the Eagles chronology
Singles from Hell Freezes Over

Hell Freezes Over is the second live album by the Eagles, released in 1994. The album is the first to be released after the Eagles had reformed following a fourteen-year-long break up. The band's lineup was that of the Long Run era: Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Don Felder, Joe Walsh, and Timothy B. Schmit. It contains four new studio tracks and eleven tracks recorded live in April 1994 for an MTV special. Two Top 40 Mainstream singles, "Get Over It" and "Love Will Keep Us Alive", were released from the album. It also features an acoustic version of "Hotel California". The four new studio recordings are the last to feature Don Felder, who was dismissed from the band in 2001.

The album went to No. 1 on the Billboard album chart upon its release where it stayed for two weeks. The album has sold over 9 million copies in the United States.[4]

Hell Freezes Over was also released in video form on VHS, LaserDisc and DVD. Before the album was released, the Eagles also started a tour, which would last from 1994 to 1996 and became one of the most successful tours in music history.[5][6]

Background

The album name is in reference to a quote by Don Henley after the band's breakup in 1980; he commented that the band would play together again "when Hell freezes over".[6] Henley said in 1982 on the break-up: "I just rule out the possibility of putting the Eagles back together for a Lost Youth and Greed tour".[7] In 1993, an Eagles tribute album, Common Thread: The Songs of the Eagles, was recorded by several country artists. Travis Tritt, who covered "Take It Easy" in the album, asked the band to appear in his video for the song.[8] The former Eagles band members agreed, and it would be the first time the group had appeared together in 13 years. Two months later, Frey and Henley had lunch with their management and decided to reunite.[8]

The band members performed live for the first time in April 1994 at Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California for an MTV special.[8] The recording sessions produced 11 tracks for the Hell Freezes Over album, including a new arrangement of "Hotel California" that features an extended acoustic guitar and percussion opening. At the beginning of the concert, Glenn Frey joked to the audience: "For the record, we never broke up; we just took a 14-year vacation". The tour began in May 27 and the Hell Freezes Over album was released on November 8, 1994.[8] The album is the band's second live album, behind their live album in 1980.

The new song "Get Over It" became a modest hit, and another new song, "Love Will Keep Us Alive", reached No. 1 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart.

The DVD is one of the first music releases to feature a DTS format soundtrack in addition to a PCM stereo soundtrack. The DVD also featured the song "Seven Bridges Road" in DTS audio only. The DVD has since been re-released with an additional Dolby Digital soundtrack. The album has also been released as DTS CD in 1997.

Track listing

  1. "Get Over It" (Don Henley, Glenn Frey) – 3:31
  2. "Love Will Keep Us Alive" (Pete Vale, Jim Capaldi, Paul Carrack) – 4:03
  3. "The Girl from Yesterday" (Frey, Jack Tempchin) – 3:23
  4. "Learn to Be Still" (Henley, Stan Lynch) – 4:28
  5. "Tequila Sunrise" (Henley, Frey) – 3:28
  6. "Hotel California" (Don Felder, Henley, Frey) – 7:12
  7. "Wasted Time" (Henley, Frey) – 5:19
  8. "Pretty Maids All in a Row" (Joe Walsh, Joe Vitale) – 4:26
  9. "I Can't Tell You Why" (Henley, Frey, Timothy B. Schmit) – 5:11
  10. "New York Minute" (Henley, Danny "Kootch" Kortchmar, Jai Winding) – 6:37
  11. "The Last Resort" (Henley, Frey) – 7:24
  12. "Take It Easy" (Jackson Browne, Frey) – 4:36
  13. "In the City" (Walsh, Barry De Vorzon) – 4:07
  14. "Life in the Fast Lane" (Henley, Frey, Walsh) – 6:01
  15. "Desperado" (Henley, Frey) – 4:17

All new songs were released as studio recordings on the album, but can be seen live on the VHS and DVD versions.

DVD-only tracks

  1. "Help Me Through the Night" (Walsh) 21.44
  2. "The Heart of the Matter" (Henley, Mike Campbell, J.D. Souther)
  3. "Seven Bridges Road" (Steve Young) – DTS – A remastered version of the recording featured on Eagles Live, with a clearer separation of the five vocal parts to exploit the full potential of a 5.1 speaker set-up: Timothy B. Schmit is on the rear-right, Glenn Frey as the singer of the song's main melody on the front-right, Don Henley on the front-left and Joe Walsh on the rear-left. Don Felder is on the front-center channel.

Personnel

Compiled from Hell Freezes Over liner notes.[9]

Eagles

  • Don Felder – electric guitar, acoustic guitar, pedal steel guitar, mandolin, vocals
  • Glenn Frey – electric and acoustic guitar, piano, keyboards, vocals
  • Don Henley – drums, acoustic guitar, percussion, vocals
  • Timothy B. Schmit – bass guitar, vocals
  • Joe Walsh – electric and acoustic guitar, slide guitar, organ, vocals

Additional personnel

Production

  • Eagles – production (all tracks)
  • Elliot Scheiner – production (all tracks except "Learn to Be Still")
  • Rob Jacobs – production (all tracks)
  • Stan Lynch – production ("Learn to Be Still" only)
  • Joel Stillerman – executive producer
  • Carol Donovan – program producer
  • Beth McCarthy – program director
  • Audrey Johns – program line producer
  • Rob Jacobs, Elliot Scheiner – engineers
  • Charlie Bouis, Carl Glanville, Barry Goldberg, Andy Grassi, Tom Trafalski, Tom Winslow – second engineers
  • Todd Bowie and Chris Buttleman – guitar technician
  • Ted Jensen – mastering
  • Rob Jacobs, Dave Kob, Dave Reynolds, Elliot Scheiner – mixing
  • Adam Armstrong – vocal technician
  • Ted Jensen – editing
  • Don Davis, The Eagles, Jay Oliver – horn and stringarrangements
  • David Hewitt – live recording coordinator
  • John Halpern, David Skernick – photography
  • Keith Raywood – production design
  • Robin Sloane, Janet Wolsborn – art direction
  • Dwaine "The Peachin' Trucker" Wise – road manager
  • Andrew Lopez – head driver

Charts

Weekly charts

Chart (1994)Peak position
Australian Top 50 Albums[10]23
French Top Albums[11]41
German Albums Chart[12]29
Japanese Albums Chart[13]6
Netherlands Top 100 Albums[14]10
Swedish Top 60 Albums[15]9
Swiss Top 100 Albums[16]26
US Billboard200[17]1
Chart (1995)Peak
position
Austrian Top 75 Albums[18]24
New Zealand Top 50 Albums[19]13
Norwegian Top 40 Albums[20]3
Chart (2001)Peak
position
Finnish Top 40 Albums[22]16

Decade-end charts

Chart (1990–1999)Position
U.S. Billboard 200[23]37

Video/DVD

Chart (2002)Peak
position
Japanese DVDs Chart[24]151
Chart (2003)Peak
position
Netherlands Top 30 Music DVDs[25]3
Swedish Top 20 DVDs[26]1
Chart (2004)Peak
position
New Zealand Top 10 Music DVDs[27]1
Norwegian Top 10 DVDs[28]1
Portuguese Top 30 Music DVDs[29]3

Singles

YearSingleChartPosition
1994"Get Over It"Adult Contemporary21
1994"Get Over It"Mainstream Rock Tracks4
1994"Get Over It"Billboard Hot 10031
1994"Get Over It"Top 40 Mainstream26
1994"Love Will Keep Us Alive"Adult Contemporary1
1994"The Girl from Yesterday"Hot Country Singles & Tracks58
1995"Learn to Be Still"Adult Contemporary15
1995"Learn to Be Still"Mainstream Rock Tracks33
1995"Love Will Keep Us Alive"Adult Top 4037
1995"Love Will Keep Us Alive"Top 40 Mainstream27

Certifications

References

  1. ^https://www.discogs.com/Eagles-Hell-Freezes-Over/release/1632017
  2. ^Ruhlmann, William. "Hell Freezes Over". AllMusic. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  3. ^Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). Eagles. Simon and Schuster. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ ab"Eagles: Gold & Platinum". Billboard. 
  5. ^"1994–1996 Hell Freezes OverTour". Eagles Online Central. 
  6. ^ abCorbin Reiff (November 8, 2014). "20 Years Ago: The Eagles Release 'Hell Freezes Over'". Ultimate Classic Rock. 
  7. ^Fred Schruers (November 1, 1982). "They Soared in the Seventies but the Eagles Are Now Following Separate Flight Plans". People magazine. 
  8. ^ abcdGayle Thompson (May 27, 2015). "21 Years Ago: The Eagles Reunite for Hell Freezes Over Tour". The Boot. 
  9. ^Hell Freezes Over (CD booklet). Eagles. Geffen Records. 1994. 24725. 
  10. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). Australian Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  11. ^"Les "Charts Runs" de chaque Album Classé". InfoDisc (in French). Archived from the original(PHP) on 2010-02-18.  Find "The EAGLES" on the drop-down menu to see results.
  12. ^"Chartverfolgung / EAGLES / Longplay". Music Line (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  13. ^"Artist Ranking CD Album". Oricon Style (in Japanese). Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  14. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). Dutch Charts (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  15. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). Swedish Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  16. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over"(ASP). Swiss Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  17. ^ ab"Hell Freezes Over – Eagles". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  18. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). Austrian Charts (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  19. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). New Zealand Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  20. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). Norwegian Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  21. ^"Chart Archive: Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive – August 17th, 1996". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  22. ^"Eagles – Hell Freezes Over (Album)"(ASP). Finnish Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  23. ^Geoff Mayfield (December 25, 1999). 1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade – The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s. Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  24. ^"Artist Ranking DVD". Oricon Style (in Japanese). Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  25. ^"GfK Dutch DVD Music Top 30"(ASP). Dutch Charts (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  26. ^"Sverigetopplistan". Sverigetopplistan (in Swedish).  Search for Eagles and click Sök.
  27. ^"Top 10 Music DVDs". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Archived from the original(ASP) on June 11, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  28. ^"Topp 10 DVD Audio: 2004 – Uke 14". VG-lista (in Norwegian). Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  29. ^"Top 30 DVD's Musicais – Semana 14 De 2004". Associação Fonográfica Portuguesa (in Portuguese). Archived from the original(PHP) on October 6, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  30. ^"Canadian album certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". Music Canada. 
  31. ^"RIAJ > The Record > January 1995 > Certified Awards (November 1994)"(PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan (in Japanese). Archived from the original(PDF) on November 3, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  32. ^Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9. 
  33. ^"Norwegian album certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. 
  34. ^"Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998"(PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. 
  35. ^"British album certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved November 3, 2017. Enter Hell Freezes Over in the search field and then press Enter.
  36. ^"American album certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  37. ^"Argentinian video certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. 
  38. ^"ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2005 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  39. ^"Canadian video certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". Music Canada. 
  40. ^"Hitlisten.NU – Danmarks officielle hitlister" (in Danish). Tracklisten. Retrieved August 21, 2015. 
  41. ^"New Zealand video certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". Recorded Music NZ. 
  42. ^"Sveriges Officiella Topplista" (in Swedish). sverigetopplistan.se. Retrieved August 21, 2015.  Note: Search for "Eagles" and press "Sök". Then select the video album to see certification awards.
  43. ^"British video certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Hell Freezes Over in the search field and then press Enter.
  44. ^"American video certifications – Eagles – Hell Freezes Over". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Video Longform, then click SEARCH

Is Hell Exothermic or Endothermic?

As you study for exams, remember its not the quantity it's the quantity. And remember there is no substitute for pure unadulterated bull


Dr. Schambaugh, of the University of Oklahoma School of Chemical Engineering, Final Exam question for May of 1997. Dr. Schambaugh is known for asking questions such as, "why do airplanes fly?" on his final exams. His one and only final exam question in May 1997 for his Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer II class was: "Is hell exothermic or endothermic? Support your answer with proof."

Most of the students wrote proofs of their beliefs using Boyle's Law or some variant. One student, however, wrote the following:

"First, We postulate that if souls exist, then they must have some mass. If they do, then a mole of souls can also have a mass. So, at what rate are souls moving into hell and at what rate are souls leaving? I think we can safely assume that once a soul gets to hell, it will not leave.

Therefore, no souls are leaving. As for souls entering hell, let's look at the different religions that exist in the world today. Some of these religions state that if you are not a member of their religion, then you will go to hell. Since there are more than one of these religions and people do not belong to more than one religion, we can project that all people and souls go to hell. With birth and death rates as they are, we can expect the number of souls in hell to increase exponentially.

Now, we look at the rate of change in volume in hell. Boyle's Law states that in order for the temperature and pressure in hell to stay the same, the ratio of the mass of souls and volume needs to stay constant. Two options exist:

  1. If hell is expanding at a slower rate than the rate at which souls enter hell, then the temperature and pressure in hell will increase until all hell breaks loose.
  2. If hell is expanding at a rate faster than the increase of souls in hell, then the temperature and pressure will drop until hell freezes over.

So which is it? If we accept the quote given to me by Theresa Manyan during Freshman year, "that it will be a cold night in hell before I sleep with you" and take into account the fact that I still have NOT succeeded in having sexual relations with her, then Option 2 cannot be true...Thus, hell is exothermic."

The student, Tim Graham, got the only A.

See Also: Thermodynamics Exam

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