Cultural Exchange on the Silk Road
Cultural bridge between East and West
The Silk Road did not only promote commodity exchange but also cultural. For example, Buddhism as one of the religions of the Kushan kingdom reached China. Together with merchant caravans Buddhist monks went from India to Central Asia and China, preaching the new religion. Buddhist monuments were discovered in numerous cities along the Silk Road.
In the first centuries of Christian era Manicheism (originated in the 3rd century in Iran and was a synthesis of Zoroastrism and Christianity) and Christianity penetrated from the Near East to Central Asia and further to China. The first wave of Christianity is connected with the activity of Nestorians. In the 13th century the Silk Road was the route for the new wave of Christian doctrine dissemination connected with the activity of Catholic missions.
Severe warriors of Arabian caliphate brought Islamic doctrine in the 7th century. If originally it was spread by force by the armies of Arabian caliphate its distribution along the Silk Way was carried out peacefully.
The Silk Road was not only the source of goods but also information on their making, i.e. technologies. In particular, the ways of silk, stained glass, paper, books, gunpowder and guns production.
Sericulture and silk weaving, which for a long time had been monopolized by China, first came to Khotan and then to the Central Asia, Iran and Byzantium in the 5th – 6th centuries. And, on the contrary, the art of glass making got from the countries of the Mediterranean to Iran and Central Asia, and in the 5th century it reached China.
Under the influence of China sericulture and paper making started to develop in Central Asia. Paper production outside the Celestial was first introduced by Chinese handicraftsmen in Samarkand time in the 8th century. Then it went to the West and drove out the former writing materials, parchment and papyrus.
Huge influence was rendered by international dialogue carried out along the Silk Road on architecture and town-planning. Several proofs to it are in Central Asia: Timur's structures in Samarkand, Ak-Serai palace in Shahrisabz, the Timurids tombs at Gur-Emir, the mosques in the city of Yassy (Turkestan).
They combine architectural styles, shapes, building techniques from various countries. They were erected not only by Middle Asian architects but also by masters from Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Iraq, Syria, Asia Minor, and India.
For centuries caravan routes were often used by scientists, researchers the most known of whom is the Venetian merchant Marco Polo.
Along with spreading goods, cultural samples in the applied art, architecture, wall painting, the countries of the West and the East exchanged music and dances, theater performances.
It is well-known fact that music of Eastern Turkestan and Central Asia was the most popular in China. Music traditions of Kashgar, Bukhara and Samarkand, India under official protection merged with Chinese musical tradition. Iranian, Sogdian and Turkic actors made significant contribution to the choreographic culture of China. For example, actors from the East often performed in Constantinople.
Numerous material proofs were found to testify on intercultural enrichment on the Silk Road: the collection of Tan terracotta dancers, actors in masks, musical groups riding camels. The faces of these actors belong to the representatives of people of Central Asia. The steppe frescos which have survived in the halls of Pendzikent, Varakhsha, Toprak -Kaly and the cities of Eastern Turkestan depict musicians and actors.
Put in as much info as you can into the culture essays that you write
When you mention the word ‘culture’ it refers to a particular way of life in an area or country. Today, however, the meaning and import has expanded to include quite a few other aspects such as the heritage, cultural activities and language-related issues too. In spite of having a rough idea of what culture is; we still keep questioning ourselves and others on what the components of culture actually are. This is the question each and every one of us asks ourselves and others every practical day in some form or the other. Therefore, writing a culture essay could be challenging and interesting too.
Culture can be basically defined as anybody’s beliefs. Now when you have to write an essay on culture it is important that you don’t hurt anyone’s sentiments or feelings. You have to be particularly careful when you write about a certain sect of people. There are some rules and rubrics to keep in mind when you do your culture essays. Masterpapers.com offers you the best help that you require in matters such as these.
Since culture is a very open and extensive field, it is difficult to zone in on the right culture essay topics. Take our help to select a good topic. You could go through some of these to get an idea of a good topic for your essay. Given below are some topics and the questions/prompts that you could base your culture essay on.
Culture and the modern man
1/- How does culture affect us?
2/- In this world of fast developing technology and impatient people, do we really have the time and the inclination to be culturally sensitive?
3/- Are our actions, thoughts and words governed by what we believe in culturally?
4/- Are we swayed by all that is modern and hence do away with traditional values and culture?
Culture and tradition – do tribal communities keep this intact?
1/- Description of a tribal community, its cultural traditions and practices
2/- External influences that tend to wipe out those practices and replace them with impersonal modern activities
3/- The plan of action that can be put into operation to preserve and retain traditions
4/- Is there any value added to the lives of a tribal community, because traditional practices are sustained?
5/- Do tribal folk become mere showpieces to the rest of the world?
The art and cultural scene in present day USA
1/- America is a melting pot of cultures, since there are people from various countries who have settled down there many generations ago
2/- The development and growth of various arts in the US
3/- What are the factors that have influenced artists, dancers and musicians in the USA in the last couple of years
4/- Does the present cultural scene present any kind of connection with the ethnic origin of the various artistes?
5/- Does the melting and merging of cultures continue in America even today? If so – how?
Get some more topics from us when you have culture essays to write. Our ideas are refreshing and different from the usual rehashed ones that you see around you.
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